Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix, a small pouch connected to the large intestine. The appendix may become blocked by bacteria, fecal matter, and in some cases, a tumour. This causes the appendix to swell up and this inflammation causes pain usually around the navel or the upper section of the abdomen. Appendicitis pain may worsen and last for several hours if there is inflammation and it may require emergency surgery. The 2 main types of appendicitis are acute and chronic.
Acute appendicitis happens suddenly and requires immediate emergency surgery. The condition becomes life-threatening if the inflamed appendix ruptures, which can cause toxins to reach the abdomen.
Chronic appendicitis is a situation when the inflammation comes and goes over a long period of time. It does not require immediate attention, but the condition can worsen, and will eventually require surgery.
A complete blood count blood test will be done to check for white blood cell increase due to infection.
Abdominal ultrasound may be done to rule out diseases affecting other organs close to the appendix.
Urine tests may be done to rule out a urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney stones.