What is Appendicitis?

Appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix, a small pouch connected to the large intestine. The appendix may become blocked by bacteria, fecal matter, and in some cases, a tumour. This causes the appendix to swell up and this inflammation causes pain usually around the navel or the upper section of the abdomen. Appendicitis pain may worsen and last for several hours if there is inflammation and it may require emergency surgery. The 2 main types of appendicitis are acute and chronic. 

Acute appendicitis happens suddenly and requires immediate emergency surgery. The condition becomes life-threatening if the inflamed appendix ruptures, which can cause toxins to reach the abdomen.

Chronic appendicitis is a situation when the inflammation comes and goes over a long period of time. It does not require immediate attention, but the condition can worsen, and will eventually require surgery.

What are the symptoms of Appendicitis?

  • Bloating or abdominal swelling
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain during urination
  • Pain in the lower back and rectum
  • Severe cramps

How is Appendicitis diagnosed?

Blood Test
A complete blood count blood test will be done to check for white blood cell increase due to infection. 

Imaging Tests
Abdominal ultrasound may be done to rule out diseases affecting other organs close to the appendix.

Urine Test
Urine tests may be done to rule out a urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney stones.

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Associated Treatments

Appendectomy Ultrasound

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Dr. Imran Nawaz

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