Orthopedic oncology is a specialized field of medicine focused on the treatment of tumors and cancers that affect the bones, as well as the supportive structures around bones such as cartilage, soft tissues, muscles, nervous tissues, and vessels.
This field has seen a rapid increase in treatment strategies encompassing medication, radiation therapy, and implants, as well as surgery for the removal of tumors as well as resconstructive surgery.
Bone tumors are abnormal tissue growth in bones that can be non-cancerous or benign; or cancerous or malignant. They are not common.
Soft tissue tumours are characterized by abnormal tissue growth, which can occur in muscles, tendons, tissues and nerves.
Bone metastases occur when cancer from another organ has spread to the bone and is most often detected in patients with kidney, prostate or breast cancer.