These involve abnormal tissue growth in bones. Most of the cases are non-cancerous (benign) while a proportion are cancerous (malignant). Bone tumors are not common and are easily misdiagnosed. If present, bone tumors often occur in children and teenagers.
Patients with bone tumors may experience symptoms or present with signs, which can vary and may even be similar to those of less serious conditions. The signs and symptoms may include:
It is advisable to get these signs and symptoms checked by a specialist orthopedic surgeon. In the best-case scenario, something turns out to be harmless and reassurance can be provided.
If there is any suspicion for something more sinister, it is best to know about it early as certain treatment options depend on early diagnosis.
Establishing the correct diagnosis is paramount in musculoskeletal oncology. If the initial diagnosis is wrong, inadequate decisions in further management of the disease and treatment will follow.
Bone cancers are not very common. A high clinical suspicion by the healthcare professional is necessary to detect these rare malignancies.
Establishing the diagnosis might involve various steps such as:
For early detection, it is highly recommended to get an expert opinion from a specialized orthopedic surgeon with expertise and experience in orthopedic oncology.
For non-cancerous tumors:
For cancerous tumors:
Treatment options depend on:
Treatment options may include:
A combined approach of these options is often used to achieve the best-possible outcome. The treatment aims are cancer survival, good quality of life, and good limb function.
Reviewed by Dr. Gurpal Singh, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Centre for Orthopaedics and Hip and Knee Surgery