Wound Care

What is a Wound?

A wound is an injury to the skin that “breaks” the barrier to the environment. The skin protects the internal organs of the body from the environment. When the skin is damaged or injured, the wound can bleed or become infected.

Types of Wounds

Wound healing occurs after an injury and there are many stages to which healing takes place. It is important to note that:

  • Full healing of a wound may take a few weeks
  • Good wound care can lower the chances of infection and limit scarring
  • Scars can form if proper wound care is not observed during healing
  • Wound care is vital in order to help the injured skin heal

Wound Management

  • Apply ointment/lotion only as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Do not expose your wound unnecessarily as it may become infected.
  • Do not miss your appointment for wound dressing or removal of stitches.
  • Do not rub the wound or remove the dressing.
  • Keep the wound and dressing dry and clean at all times.
  • Seek medical assistance at the hospital if you display any of the following signs and symptoms:
    • Wound becomes red, swollen or shows pus (yellowish discharges)
    • Pain increases
    • Wash your hands before and after touching the wound.
    • Develop a fever
    • Stitches give way
    • Develop numbness around or distal to the wounds (especially hand or foot wounds)

Medication Advice

  • If antibiotics are ordered, please take the medicine according to schedule and complete the course.
  • If tetanus injection is given, please record the date for future reference and inform your regular family doctor of the tetanus injection.
  • Take all medication as prescribed by your doctor.

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