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Total Knee Replacement

What is Total Knee Replacement?

Total knee replacement is a surgical procedure in which the damaged portions of the knee joint are replaced with artificial parts. The surgery helps to relieve pain, improve knee function and quality of life, and may be performed on adults of all ages depending on their condition.

Knee replacement will be performed in an operating theatre under anaesthesia. Following the surgery, you will need to stay in the hospital for a few nights until your doctor determines that you are suitable for discharge.

How Do I Care For My Wound After Discharge?

Your wound dressing will be changed by your doctor or nurse at your next sc​heduled appointment. However, you should seek immediate medical care if you notice the following:

  • Leakage of blood or fluid from inside the dressing.
  • When the dressing is wet, and you are not trained to replace it


Will I need to undergo Physiotherapy?

Yes. Your doctor will refer you to a physiotherapist for rehabilitation after your surgery as required.

Will I need to be under any dietary restrictions?

It is important that you consume food that supports wound and bone healing by increasing your protein, calcium and iron intake. You are also encouraged to increase fiber intake to aid in good bowel movement to prevent constipation.

What should I do when my leg starts to swell?

You may practice R.I.C.E. to relieve pain and reduce swelling following your surgery.

You should also take the anti-inflammatory medicine as prescribed by your doctor to reduce the risk of swelling and inflammation.

When do I need to see a doctor?

You are advised to contact your doctor if you display any of the following symptoms:

  1. Compartment syndrome – Increased pressure within the muscles:
    • Excruciating pain (severe, sharp pain).
    • Pain upon light touch.
    • Pallor (pale looking skin).
    • Paresthesia (abnormal sensation such as tingling, pricking, numbness).
    • Tense and swollen shiny skin.
  2. Wound infection
    • Fever.
    • Increase in pain on or around the wound.
    • ​Leakage of liquid, pus or blood.
    • Redness, swelling or inflammation.
    • Reopened wound.
    • Unpleasant smell from incision.

Post-injury Pain Management

Please take the painkillers that are prescribed by your doctor if you experience any pain or discomfort. You are advised to contact your doctor if the pain persists or worsens. ​


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