What is Diverticulitis?

Diverticulitis is a condition when sacs called diverticula in the colon get infected and cause rectal bleeding and severe abdominal pain. Small bulging pouches known as diverticula, can form in the lining of your digestive system and are usually found in the large intestines.They are common but seldom cause any serious problems. The most common cause for the development of diverticula in the colon is straining due to constipation as well as a lack of fibre in the diet. 

Diverticulitis is a serious disease, especially if the sac bursts and bacteria and feces spread into the abdominal cavity. Surgery would be required If infection spreads and an abscess forms in the colon.

If you experience pain in your lower left abdomen, nausea and vomiting, call your doctor or call our 24-Hour Medical Urgency Clinic (65) 6705 2999.

What are the symptoms of Diverticulitis?

  • Abdomen tenderness
  • Constipation
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Passing blood during bowel movement
  • Persistent pain in the lower abdomen

How is Diverticulitis diagnosed?

Blood tests
A blood test may be done to detect any infections.

A colonoscopy might be required to detect changes or abnormalities in the colon and rectum.

Imaging tests
Iimaging tests are done with ultrasound, x-ray or CT scan to check for inflammation in the colon and rectum.

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Dr. Jonathan Foo Shuo Min

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Dr. Tan Yu-Meng

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