Prostate cancer is the third most common cancer among men. The disease occurs when cancer cells form in the prostate, a walnut-sized gland located between the penis and bladder. The prostate is part of the male reproductive system and is responsible for nourishing sperm. Prostate cancer in its early stages is usually localized, but it can spread to other organs if left untreated.
As like most cancers, it is difficult to detect prostate cancer in its early stages because it does not present any signs. Symptoms such as frequent, painful and weak urination only appear once the disease has progressed. It shares similar symptoms with Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH), a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. Other prostate cancer symptoms include erectile dysfunction, painful ejaculation, lower back pain and blood in the urine or the semen.
A biopsy is done on any suspicious tumours or growths in the prostate for signs of cancer.
A complete blood count blood test will be done to check for white blood cell increase which could be a sign of cancer.
Digital Rectal Examination
A digital rectal examination is done to check the size of the prostate.
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