Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition where the prostate gland is enlarged due to the multiplying of prostate cells and build-up of dihyodrotestosterone (DHT). The prostate is a walnut-shaped male genital gland located below the bladder near the base of the penis that secretes nutrient-rich fluids that nourish the sperm (as semen), and contracts to push the semen out during ejaculation. The prostate gland gets bigger as a man ages, and the enlargement squeezes the urethra, making urination painful and difficult.
Digital Rectal Exam
A Digital Rectal Exam is done by your doctor to check the prostate for enlargement.
Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test
PSA is a substance produced in your prostate. PSA levels increase when the prostate is enlarged. Elevated PSA levels may also be due to recent procedures, infection, surgery or prostate cancer.
A urine test is done to rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.