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Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)

What is Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition where the prostate gland is enlarged due to the multiplying of prostate cells and build-up of dihyodrotestosterone (DHT). The prostate is a walnut-shaped male genital gland located below the bladder near the base of the penis that secretes nutrient-rich fluids that nourish the sperm (as semen), and contracts to push the semen out during ejaculation. The prostate gland gets bigger as a man ages, and the enlargement squeezes the urethra, making urination painful and difficult.


What are the symptoms of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)?

  • Blood in the urine
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • Inability to completely empty the bladder
  • Inability to urinate
  • Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
  • Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts
  • Urinary tract infection
     

How is Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) diagnosed?

Digital Rectal Exam
A Digital Rectal Exam is done by your doctor to check the prostate for enlargement.


Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test
PSA is a substance produced in your prostate. PSA levels increase when the prostate is enlarged. Elevated PSA levels may also be due to recent procedures, infection, surgery or prostate cancer.


Urine Test
urine test is done to rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.

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Dr. Chong Kian Tai
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