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Colorectal Cancer



What is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer is also called colon cancer, and is the cancer of the colon and rectum caused by polyps that grow and become cancerous. Located at the lower part of your digestive system, colorectal polyps usually start as non-cancerous benign or tissue growth on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Not all of these polyps develop into cancer. Colorectal cancer presents itself due to factors like genetics, lifestyle, age and diseases like diabetes.
 

What are the symptoms of Colorectal Cancer?

  • Bloating and abdominal discomfort
  • Blood in the stool
  • Change in bowel habits (i.e. diarrhea, constipation)
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss


How is Colorectal Cancer diagnosed?

Biopsy
A biopsy of the colon will be done on polyps and tumors that may be indicative of cancer.


Blood Test
A complete blood count blood test will be done to check for white blood cell increase due to cancer. 


Colonoscopy
A colonoscopy is done to examine the colon and rectum for the presence of suspicious . 
 

Imaging Tests
Colorectal imaging tests are done with ultrasound or CT scan to check for tumor location and growth in the colon and rectum.

Learn more about AI-assisted colonoscopy to improve colorectal cancer screening here.

 


Think you know your gut health?

Download our Gastrointestinal Health Guide here.

We are always happy to help.

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Our Specialists

Dr. Grace Tan
陈玮晶副教授

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Dr. Charles Tsang

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Dr. Melissa Teo
张晶晶教授

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Did you know?

Myth: Cancer is a death sentence

Fact: About one third of all cancers can be cured if they are detected and treated early. This is why you are recommended to go for regular screenings and health check-ups. The five-year survival rates for certain cancers, such as breast, prostate, and thyroid cancers, is now 90% or better. Advancements in cancer treatments also give patients with advanced cancers the chance to live longer.

Read more about the importance of regular health screening here.