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Pancreatic Cancer



What is Pancreatic Cancer?

Pancreatic cancer is the cancer of the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ is between the stomach, liver and intestine in your abdomen.

Digestive enzymes are released by the pancreas into the small intestine to aid the digestion of food. Hormones, insulin and glucagon are also released by the pancreas into the bloodstream. Pancreatic cancer is difficult to diagnose and is usually discovered only in the later stages. The most common type is pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
 

What are the types of Pancreatic Cancer?

Exocrine Pancreatic Cancer

The most common type of exocrine pancreatic cancers is pancreatic adenocarcinoma while the rarer ones include, adenosquamous, squamous, giant, acinar and small cell carcinoma.
 

Endocrine Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors or islet cell tumors are less common forms of pancreatic cancer.

  • Insulinomas
    Insulin-producing cell
  • Glucagonomas
    Glucagon-producing cell
  • Somatostatinomas
    Somatostatin-making cell
  • Gastrinomas
    Gastrin-producing cell
  • VIPomas
    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-making cell
     

What are the symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer?

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Intermittent upper abdominal pain
  • Weight loss and loss of appetite 


How is Pancreatic Cancer diagnosed?

Biopsy
biopsy is done on any suspicious tumours or growths in the pancreas for signs of cancer.
 

Blood Test
A complete blood count blood test will be done to check for white blood cell increase which could be a sign of cancer. 
 

Imaging Tests
Imaging tests are done with ultrasound or CT scan to check the pancreas for abnormalities, tumours or growths.

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