Kidney cancer is the cancer of the kidney. The kidneys are located in the abdomen on either side of the spine and they filter waste from your blood and make urine. Renal cell carcinoma is cancer that forms in the lining of tiny tubules in the kidney and is the most common form of kidney cancer.
Imaging tests are done with ultrasound or CT scan to check for suspicious tumours and growths that may be indicative of cancer.
Urine tests may be done to rule out a urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney stones.