Kidney Stones

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are made from mineral deposits in the urine that are the result of a change in the PH balance of the urine. Calcium stones are the most common type and are the hardest to break down. Kidney stones are created due to several reasons, one of which is inadequate water intake, causing a higher level of mineral deposits in the urine leading to the formation of kidney stones. Other reasons include diseases like gout and inflammatory bowel disease that disrupt the regular chemical balance of urine.

What are the symptoms of Kidney Stones?

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea
  • Painful urination
  • Vomiting

How are Kidney Stones diagnosed?

Blood Test
A complete blood count blood test will be done to check for white blood cell increase due to infection. 

Imaging Tests
Abdominal imaging tests are done with ultrasound or CT scan to check for inflammation or abdominal abscesses. Chest imaging tests are done to rule out pneumonia, which cause similar symptoms.

Urine Test
Urine tests may be done to rule out a urinary tract infection (UTI) or kidney stones.

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Dr. Png Keng Siang

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Dr. Chong Kian Tai

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