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Ankle Sprains & Fractures

What is Ankle Sprains & Fractures?

The ankle is a complex joint made up of ligaments, tendons, and three main bones, the talus, fibula, and tibia.

Caused by awkward twisting or force on the ankle bones that may result in excessive tearing or stretching of one or more ligaments on the outside of the ankle, an ankle sprain can occur in varying degrees.

Maintaining strength, balance, flexibility in the foot and ankle through exercise, stretching and the use of well-fitted shoes can help to prevent ankle sprains.

An ankle fracture happens when there is a break in one or more bones in the ankle joint. The ligaments might also become damaged as a result. A fracture can be caused by a fall, vehicle accident, or the ankle twisting or rolling.

What are the symptoms of an Ankle Sprain?

  • Inability to bear weight on the ankle immediately or a few hours after
  • Mild to moderate pain
  • Ankle instability
  • Some swelling and bruising

What are the symptoms of an Ankle Fracture?

  • Pain and swelling around the ankle
  • Bruising
  • Tenderness to touch
  • Inability to walk on the leg
  • Deformity of the ankle

How are Ankle Sprains & Fractures diagnosed?

A doctor’s physical examination. An X-ray may be used to determine the extent of an ankle fracture or sprain. 

Reviewed by Dr. Anandakumar Vellasamy, Consultant Orthopedic Surgeon, Centre for Foot and Ankle Surgery

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