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Brain Cancer

What is Brain Cancer?

Overgrowth of cells in your brain forms masses called tumors or brain cancer. Cancerous or malignant brain tumors can multiply and disrupt the way your body works. In some instances, it can be life-threatening. 

Primary brain cancer arises from supporting cells in the brain where the cells start to divide uncontrollably. Secondary brain cancer occurs when cancer cells from other parts of the body spread to the brain. It is also known as brain metastasis.

What are the symptoms of Brain Cancer?

The symptoms of a brain tumor depend very much on the type of brain tumor, growth rate, and its anatomical location in the brain. 

They may also include the following:

  • Blurring of vision
  • Difficulty walking (gait instability)
  • Headaches (Persistent, especially early morning headaches)
  • Memory loss
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Problems with language and speech such as word-finding difficulty
  • Seizures
  • Weakness or numbness on one side of the body (very similar to stroke-like symptoms)

How is Brain Cancer diagnosed? 

Imaging Tests
Doctors will refer patients suspected of having a brain tumoror cancer to a neurosurgeon for a detailed neurological assessment. It involves imaging studies of the brain, such as an MRI and CT scan. Sometimes, a lumbar puncture procedure is used to collect a small sample of the fluid surrounding your brain and spinal cord to check for cancer cells. Lastly, a brain biopsy will also be done to remove a small portion of the tumor for diagnostic testing to determine if it is malignant.

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