Focal therapy is a non-invasive treatment for localized prostate cancer. It uses high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) technology to produce intense heat to destroy cancer tissues.
The treatment is performed by a urologist under anesthesia with the treatment lasting between 30 minutes to two hours, depending on the volume of cancer cells treated.
Localized prostate cancer refers to tumours in stages T1 or T2 that are confined within the prostate.
The tumour is now a little bigger, making the prostate gland harder. This can be detected via a digital rectal examination (DRE).
Before the Treatment
With this being a day surgery, you will be required to be admitted on the day of treatment.
During the Treatment
You will lie down on the cushioned table where general anesthesia will be administered. A urinary catheter will be inserted through the penis into the urethra to drain your urine.
A treatment probe will be inserted inside your rectum. Ultrasounds are propagated through the rectal wall and focused on the cancer area. The ultrasound concentration produces an intense heat and causes destruction of tissue within the targeted area.
The treatment usually lasts between 30 minutes to two hours, depending on the prostatic volume treated.
After the treatment
You will rest until you are well enough to leave hospital. You can return to eating normal food on the same day. The urinary catheter is generally removed three to five days later.
Medication may be prescribed to prevent any infection of the urethra or bladder. You may experience discomfort after the procedure including mild bleeding at the start of urination, frequent or urgent urination as well as urine leakage during physical exertion or coughing. These side effects should disappear in the weeks following the treatment.
Possible Postprocedural Reactions
You may experience the following after the procedure:
Benefits of this procedure
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