Otorhinolaryngology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis, care and treatment of of diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat and related structures of the head and neck. It treats disorders like sleep apnea
and allergies such as allergic rhinitis and asthma
that may be congenital or acquired. Surgery may be required in cases to remove both benign and malignant tumours or to treat congenital deformities. Common issues treated include gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
, hoarseness or difficulty in swallowing, vertigo and balance disorders as well as sinusitis and migraine.