Bone loss for both men and women comes with age. However, women have a higher risk of getting osteoporosis than men. Hormone changes at menopause affect bone density directly. After menopause, the estrogen levels, which are essential for healthy bones, fall, causing a rapid decrease in bone density.
Bone mineral densitometry is a test used to measure a person's bone mineral density (BMD). The measurements are used to diagnose osteoporosis, estimate the fracture risk, and assess response to treatment.
The test is essentially an X-ray scan of the spine and hip. There are no special preparations needed for BMD. Lie down on the flat, open the X-ray table, and remain still while the X-ray is being taken. For the spine examination, you propped up your legs to straighten the lumbar arch. For the hip examination, tilt your feet inwards. The whole process takes approximately 20 minutes, and there is no discomfort during the examination.
Should you feel unwell after the test, contact your doctor immediately or call our 24-Hour Medical Urgency Clinic